Friday, May 22, 2020
Handout 1: Principle Characters Chart As you read about the principle characters in Greek Mythology, fill in a chart that notes: Ã¢â¬ ¢ -Greek name -special abilities -Roman/Latin name if any -personality Ã¢â¬ ¢ -relationship to nature -signs or symbols # Word Etymology Part of speech Modern meaning Sentence 1. Achilles heel Pertaining to the Greek hero, Achilles, and his only weakness after being dipped into the river styx. Noun Weakness or vulnerable point Sweets is a lot of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ achillesÃ¢â¬â¢ heel. 2. adonis Name of the youth beloved by Aphrodite. Noun Handsome young man Most girls fall for boys like Adonis, but not all of us have his handsomeness. 3. ambrosia Favored food orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦11. epicurean follower of the philosophical system of Epicurus Adj. Lover of luxury and wealth The epicurean school taught the philosophy of Epicurus. 12. epidemic Meaning in latin Ã¢â¬Å"among the peopleÃ¢â¬ ; a saying accurate for diseases that spread throughout the people Noun A rapid spreading disease that spreads through the community The epidemic spread through the town during the 1200s and nearly wiped out the populace. 13. epitome person or thing that typifies something Noun a person or thing that is an exact image of a particular thing or person He is the epitome of an athlete in prime condition. 14. erotic Relating to the greek god eros and his tendency to arouse sexual desire Adj. relating to or tending to bring about a sexual desire or excitement Zeus, in greek mythology, had a erotic passion for women. 15. halcyon A bird who in myth had the powers to calm the wind and sea. Also deriving from Alcyone the daughter of Aeolus. Adj. calm, quiet, peaceful; referring to a happy and distant place in the past I wish I could go back to those halcyon days in the past when the best air day wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a yellow air day. 16. hectoring the eldest son of Priam and husband of Andromache Verb to treat with insolence; bully; torment Hectoring other kids at school is verbal abuse. 17. hedonist In reference to the followers of hedonism Noun a pleasure-seeker Zeus was a hedonist who sought pleasure from being with women. 18. herculean of or relating toShow MoreRelatedThe Myths Of Ancient Egypt And The Near East1554 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescultures. The diverse eccentrics from the Greek, Egyptian and Near Eastern myths were all described with characteristics and actions that would reflect their respective cultures. Myths include the mythologies from ancient Egypt, the Near East the Greeks. In Greek culture, a reflection of the quo s of society can be seen in the heroes of their myths. Ian Plant in Myth in the Ancient World 2012 Pg. 79 explains that A hero was the central human character in myth...heroes from myth were worshippedRead MoreMythology And Christianity : Mythology948 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMythology and Christianity Mythology is known for its artistic values of cultures well before the world we live in today. The stories that derive from these great folk tales set a scene in lives of people who worshipped their GodÃ¢â¬â¢s and the items that they praised them for. Depending on the geographic location and the time of the myth, or at least what it could be traced to, the people would praise and worship different GodÃ¢â¬â¢s for different reasons. Just like in our modern system of religion in thisRead MoreAncient Greek Influences Essay886 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesalways inspired by Greek mythology, a theme that is still common today. Many modern plays and movies have been directly based on or incorporated elements of Greek mythology or simply mythology in general. Every play had a chorus, though the size and importance of it varied. The chorus was used to provide background and summary information to the audience. The chorus is still used in modern musicals to provide interpretation of the mental an d emotional states of main characters. The chorus is alsoRead MoreGreek Mythology and Its Effects on Civilization803 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGreek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs and rituals practiced in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices. Many Greeks recognized the major gods and goddesses, such as Zeus, Poseidon, Hades and many others through philosophies such as Stoicism. The religious practices of the Greeks extended beyond mainland Greece to the islands and costs of Ionia in Asia Minor to Sicily and southern Italy, and scattered Greek colonies in the Western MediterraneanRead MoreGreek and Roman Mythology: 780 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Lamia was the queen of Libya which is another name for North Africa in greek and roman mythology. She became a child eating daemon. Lamia was known for being beautiful. She was a mistress of Zeus. One of his many. Zeus is known as the god of the sky. He was also married to a woman named Her a. Hera was the goddess of women and marriage. She was known for being jealous of Zeus lovers and children. Hera was said to have killed all of lamias children. She killed them out of jealousy, and she kept oneRead MoreMythology and How It Affects Society Essay1218 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMythology has been used in a multitude of ways since the beginnings of civilization as it provided mankind explanation for natural occurrences: harvest time and the changing of the seasons, natural disasters: earthquakes and storms, and life events: birth and death, but was also used to simply provide entertainment. Another huge role that mythology played a part in was the explanation of how the earth and all its people were created and why. This formed the structure for many societies as they couldRead MoreAntigone Moral Dilemma1253 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesburied according to the Gods, but instead He shall be left unburied for all to watch the corpse mutilated and eaten by carrion-birds and by dogs (S ophocles, 1900.). This dilemma is felt by many, especially Antigone (sister of the deceased). In Greek culture it is thought that the spirit of a body cannot find rest if it is has not been laid to rest by the evening of the day it has departed, and it is condemned to roam the earth for eternity. The struggle between human law and divine law is a moralRead MoreThe Deception of Exile Essay example1516 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbe discovered which affect the character positively or negatively. Exile is used as a tactic to change the way an audience perceives the myth. Exile can be seen as tactic used by the character, or a deceptive method leading to the way the myth is received. Depending on the culture, exile is either equivalent to death or on the contrary, makes the hero more powerful. Both of these scenarios play a crucial role in shaping the heroÃ¢â¬â¢s personality and beliefs. In Greek culture, civilians who read mythsRead MoreCultural Heroes Essay1029 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe literature of a culture is a reflection of its beliefs. This is true of its mythology. In a fantasy setting, the qualities that a society exalts in a protagonist, here the hero of the myth, can be fully manifested, without being restricted by reality. Although these qualities differ, the principle remains the same throughout these cultures. Despite the differences chronologically and geographically between India, ancient Greece, and modern America, their heroes are similar in their superhumanRead MoreAncient Greek And Roman Worlds1502 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesYesenia Garza Professor Margaret Wintersole ENGL 1302 4 November 2015 Greco-Roman Aesthetics The ancient Greek and Roman worlds made important contributions to both religion and philosophy, the study of the nature of truth, knowledge, and moral values. In fact, the word philosophy is Greek origin, containing the world s philia or to love with Sophia or wisdom. Two of the most powerful empires in the ancient world were Greece and Rome. In order to understand these two different
Friday, May 8, 2020
How to train your human In 1889 Mark TwainÃ¢â¬â¢s publishes A Connecticut Yankee in King ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢s Court, which is consider the first science fiction novel. Like most science fiction stories, there is time travel and futuristic technology messing with the past. Hank Morgan is sent into the past after getting knocked unconscious by a man named Hercules with a crowbar. After realizing that he is in the past, he uses his knowledge of an impending solar eclipse to trick the masses into making him the second most powerful man in society. Being an educated 19th century American gentleman, Hank believes it is up to him to make Arthurian England more like 19th century American. He tries to change the beliefs of the people and introduces 19th century technology. In the end, Hank fails in his quest to completely change everything about Arthurian England. Mark TwainÃ¢â¬â¢s usage of humor combined with HankÃ¢â¬â¢s attempts to change Arthurian technology, religious beliefs and social structure, exemplifies that humanÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs are trained into them, which ultimately demonstrates that society can not change without the training of a new generation. Humor is used in order to conceal the weakness in superstitious beliefs. Like many satires, A Connecticut Yankee in King ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢s Court does not blatantly announce its theme. Twain uses Ã¢â¬Å"humor [to] disarm the reader, but if the reader is careful they can see the darker sides of the humorÃ¢â¬ (Berkove 243). The main catalyst for humors is the famous magicianShow MoreRelatedFreedom, Religion, And The Aristocracy By Mark Twain1840 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesA Connecticut Yankee in King ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢s Court is a classic written by Mark Twain in 1889. It is a novel that lives on today as it shows TwainÃ¢â¬â¢s use of creativity and humor in a way that allows him to influence his readerÃ¢â¬â¢s views. The scene starts with Hank, who wakes up to find himself in the 16th century where he convinces the people he is a magician to escape his death sentence. Mark Twain uses HankÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences and character development in a satirical way to form his opinions. The main matter sRead MoreControversy Over Religion s Impact On Society1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesArrants Ms. Sidle English III AP/DC per. 3 3 November 2015 Word Count: 1328 The Controversy of Religion in A Connecticut Yankee at King ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢s Court Religion provides answers, evokes a sense of comfort in the unknown, and designs a moral code; however controversy now surrounds this subject regarding whether religionÃ¢â¬â¢s impact is more detrimental or beneficial to a society as a whole. Mark TwainÃ¢â¬â¢s narrator, Hank Morgan, travels back in time and attempts to accelerate the advancement of these peopleRead MoreMark Twain Masculinity Essay2068 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagescan be of comparison to Arthurian England with the comparison of a King and the lower man. Twain builds on the world that men have come to think that doing one bad thing, is even good for their wellbeing, and to hold that masculine image. Throughout Connecticut Yankee, Twain emphasizes the idea of masculinity as a part of the catastrophic humanity with its equality and fight for dominance and power. Twain endorses upon the theme of masculinity of men in a bar through strong metaphorical referencesRead Morewisdom,humor and faith19596 Words Ã |Ã 79 PagesRenaissance Humor: Erasmus, Rabelais, Cervantes, Shakespeare 5 Two European Russians: Anton Chekhov and Vladimir Soloviev 9 Reflections on Humor from Nietzsche to the Theatre of the Absurd 12 Humor and Wisdom in the United States: Lincoln, Beecher, Twain, Sandburg, and Buchwald 17 From The Times (of London) obituary on him (January 19, 2007) that mentioned his Ã¢â¬Å"wit and wisdomÃ¢â¬ in its title, available at http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article1294342.ece. 24 Humor, Wisdom, and
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
SAP is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading provider of business software solutions. SAPÃ ® solutions are designed to meet the demands of companies of all sizes. mySAPÃ¢â ¢ Business Suite solutions are helping enterprises around the world improve customer relationships, enhance partner collaboration and create efficiencies across their supply chains and business operations. We will write a custom essay sample on Sap with Body Shop or any similar topic only for you Order Now The Body Shop is unifying its worldwide operations on SAPÃ ® enterprise software, deploying the SAP for Retail industry solution across its headquarters, regional offices, warehouses and more than 2,000 wholly-owned and franchise outlets worldwide.The Body Shop, an SAP customer since 1999, chose SAPÃ¢â¬â¢s integrated retail enterprise applications to harmonize business processes across its global network, creating a strong yet adaptive foundation for business growth with the SAP NetWeaverÃ¢â ¢ technology platform. The worldwide rollout, being implemented with support from IT service provider Diagonal Consulting, is part of the retailerÃ¢â¬â¢s three-year strategic plan to achieve enterprisewide consistency in forecasting, ordering, allocation and distribution processes. Replacing a number of legacy systems, SAPÃ¢â¬â¢s suite of core enterprise applications and specialized software for retailers will cover end-to-end business processes from headquarters down to the store level, powering the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s financial processes, warehouse and supply chain management, new product development and point-of-sale (POS) operations. Jon Granville, the global head of IT of The Body Shop said, Ã¢â¬Å"We chose SAP for its retail expertise, global reach and solution scope.Our global SAP rollout is not an IT initiative, but a business initiative that will help us improve our key processes that drive competitive advantage at each local outlet. SAP for Retail will help us provide targeted support throughout our sales and distribution network and, ultimately, deliver better service to our customers. Ã¢â¬ HP with body shop The Body Shop has named HP as its preferred global infrastructure partner to migrate its existing disparate legacy systems to a complete, stan dards-based HP infrastructure solution.With operations in 52 countries and more than 2,000 stores, The Body Shop has experienced rapid and extensive global growth in recent years. It is estimated that The Body Shop sells a product every 0. 4 seconds, coming to more than 77 million customer transactions annually throughout stores worldwide. HP is delivering a standardised information technology architecture across the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s global operations, reducing the overall total cost of ownership of IT and providing higher system performance and room for future growth.The consolidated infrastructure will cut management time and cost, ease load balancing, improve system and space utilisation, and optimise the return on investment of The Body ShopÃ¢â¬â¢s new global enterprise resource planning implementation. The Body ShopÃ¢â¬â¢s IT vision takes a Ã¢â¬ËOne World, One WayÃ¢â¬â¢ approach to its global infrastructure. HP embraced this vision and is helping the company design, build, integrate, manage and evolve into an Adaptive Enterprise Ã¢â¬Ë one that will be able to easily adapt to change to meet the needs of its growing business, while ensuring operational readiness and protecting its critical business processes . HP is proving to be a perfect partner,Ã¢â¬â¢ said Jon Granville, global head of IT, The Body Shop. Ã¢â¬ËHP understands the retail sector and our requirements and this allows us to work together on a total global infrastructure solution to achieve our IT vision and so meet the needs of the business. This is a significantly different approach to the other competitive offerings we evaluated, and will ultimately provide us with the means to ensure better visibility of consumer data, streamlined operation of our supply chains and better integration of our processes right across our global businesses. About body shopÃ¢â¬â¢s web Body shop has an amazing website. You almost can find everything you want to know on the website such as what ingredients in each product. They separate the categories in a clearly way, for example: they have best seller; make-up; bath and body; hair; fragrance ect. When you click into some products you are interest, you can find out how it works and what the other customerÃ¢â¬â¢s view and some suggestion. There are 29 languages on body shopÃ¢â¬â¢s web, so Japanese donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to worry if they canÃ¢â¬â¢t understand English.Also they publish a lot of promotions on the web, such as what is on sale and that gift box they are selling at moment. The web nearly record everything happened in body shop. For example, Body shop sent their employees to the suppliers and report what they find on the internet. The Last report online is about a man called peter, he went to Africa to know how they make Shea butter, he even try to make it by himself and he write about how it feel after he used the Shea butter. His report and photos; videos just make us trust body shop more.ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a special way to make customers to believe how good body shopÃ¢â¬â¢s products are. One more amazing thing to me on the web. They have a Ã¢â¬ËThe Body Shop skin care regime guideÃ¢â¬â¢, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a questionnaire to help you to know what type skin you are, and after your finish the test, they will give you suggestion about the skin care product and eye care product, they even divide the products into morning and night. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s really easy and convenient for the first body shop user; itÃ¢â¬â¢s also a good tool to help you save the money, because you only need to buy the right products for yourself. How to cite Sap with Body Shop, Papers
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
My Role in Preserving Natural Resources Essay Natural resources are materials and components (something that can be used) that can be found within the environment. Every man-made product is composed of natural resources (at its fundamental level). A natural resource may exist as a separate entity such as fresh water, and air, as well as a living organism such as a fish, or it may exist in an alternate form which must be processed to obtain the resource such as metal ores, oil, and most forms of energy. They Ã occur naturally withinÃ environmentsÃ that exist relatively undisturbed by mankind, in aÃ naturalÃ form.There is much debate worldwide over natural resource allocations, this is partly due to increasing scarcity (depletion of resources) but also because the exportation of natural resources is the basis for many economies (particularly for developed nations such as Australia). According to Theodore Roosevelt, The conservation of natural resources is the fundamental problem. Unless we solve that problem, it will ava il us little to solve all othersÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢. Resource depletionÃ is the exhaustion of raw materials within a region.In recent years, the depletion of natural resources has become a major focus of governments and organizations such as the United Nations (UN). This is evident in the UNs Agenda 21 Section Two, which outlines the necessary steps to be taken by countries to sustain their natural resources. Depletion of Natural Resources is associated with social inequity. Considering most biodiversity are located in developing countries, depletion of this resource could result in losses of ecosystem services for these countries. Some view this depletion as a major source of social unrest and conflicts in developing nations.The depletion of natural resources is caused by direct drivers of changeÃ such asÃ Mining,Ã petroleum extraction,Ã fishingÃ and forestry as well as indirect drivers of change such as demography, economy, society, politics and technology. The current pr actice of AgricultureÃ is another factor causing depletion of natural resources. For example the depletion of nutrients in the soil due to excessive use of nitrogenÃ and desertificationÃ The depletion of natural resources is a continuing concern for society. This is seen in the cited quote given byÃ Theodore Roosevelt, a well-known conservationist and formerUnited States president, was opposed to unregulated natural resource extraction. Air, water, soil, forests, animals, etc. , that are provided by nature or occur naturally are called natural resources. Some of these natural resources like sunlight and wind are renewable resources. This means that they can be used again and again without being exhausted. But some like forests, minerals, oil, etc. , are non-renewable. We need to conserve and preserve these resources or soon they will be exhausted. 1. Preservation of forests and wild animals: We need to stop destroying forests and cutting trees.Forests are the home to many di fferent animals, birds and insects. Many animals like the leopard, the Indian Wild Ass, the great Indian one-horned Rhinocerous, etc. have become endangered and are close to extinction because of the destruction of their natural habitat. Trees give us wood that helps in making so many things like furniture, paper, etc. Trees help in purifying the air and also hold the soil with their roots and stop soil erosion. We must protect our forests. This can be done in the following ways : * We must control the cutting of trees and plant more trees. We must prevent forest fires. 2. Converting forests to NationalÃ ParksÃ and Bird Sanctuaries: The government has now started protecting forests by converting them into national parks and wildlife or bird sanctuaries. Cutting of trees or killing of birds and animals is not allowed here and is punishable by the law. Grazing or cultivating of the land is also prohibited. Some national parks of India are marked on the map given alongside. The Kaz iranga National Park in Assam is famous for one-horned rhinoceros. Bird sanctuaries are areas where birds are protected and encouraged to breed.The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is one of the biggest bird sanctuaries in India. It houses more than 415 kinds of birds, out of which many birds like the Siberian crane, flycatchers, buntings, etc. , migrate from places as far away as Siberia and China. 3. Preservation of soil: Soil is a very important natural resource. Man and animals depend on plants for their food and plants get nourishment from the soil. So we can say that all living things depend on soil for their food. The process of wind, rain or rivers carrying away the topÃ fertile layer of soil is called soil erosion.Cutting of trees or deforestation, strong winds in places of less vegetation (deserts), running of water bodies over the soil and overgrazing are all causes of soil erosion. We can prevent it by the following methods : i) Forestation or planting trees as their roots hol d the soil together. Cultivating the soil also provides it cover and prevents wind from blowing it away, ii) Terrace or step farming done on slopes of hills slows the speed of water flowing down and reduces soil erosion. iii) Building embankments on river banks prevents soil erosion by the rivers. 4. Preservation of minerals:We must use minerals sensibly as they are non-renewable natural resources. There is only a limited amount of oil, limestone, iron, coal, etc. , found in the Earth. We should use renewable and non-polluting sources of energy like solar energy, wind energy, etc. , instead of coal and oil so that they can last longer. 5. Windmill is used to harness wind energy: Though some resources like air, water, soil, etc. , are renewable we should use them carefully as their pollution has affect on plants and animals too. Even a small change in environment or the quality of natural resources affects life around it.
Friday, March 20, 2020
A Project on Banana Fibre Extraction Essay Example A Project on Banana Fibre Extraction Essay A Project on Banana Fibre Extraction Essay How to make pencils? Background One of the oldest and most widely used writing utensils, the pencil originated in pre-historic times when chalky rocks and charred sticks were used to draw on surfaces as varied as animal hides and cave walls. The Greeks and Romans used flat pieces of lead to draw faint lines on papyrus, but it was not until the late 1400s that the earliest direct ancestor of todays pencil was developed. About one hundred years later graphite, a common mineral occurring as soft, lustrous veins in rocks, was discovered near Borrowdale in northwestern England. The Borrowdale mine supplied Europe with graphite for several hundred years; however, because people could not then differentiate between graphite and lead, they referred to the former as black lead. Cut into rods or strips, graphite was heavily wrapped in twine to provide strength and a comfortable handle. The finished product, called a lead pencil, was quite popular. In the late sixteenth century, a method for gluing strips of wood around graphite was discovered in Germany, and the modern pencil began to take form. In 1779, scientists determined that the material they had previously thought was lead was actually a form of microcrystalline carbon that they named graphite (from the Greek graphein meaning to write). Graphite is one of the three natural forms of pure carbon- the others are coal and diamond. In the late eighteenth century the Borrowdale mine was depleted, and, as graphite was now less plentiful, other materials had to be mixed with it to create pencils. A Frenchman chemist, Nicolas Jacques Conte, discovered that when powdered graphite, powdered clay, and water were mixed, molded, and baked, the finished product wrote as smoothly as pure graphite. Conte also discovered that a harder or softer writing core could be produced by varying the proportion of clay and graphite- the more graphite, the blacker and softer the pencil. In 1839, Lothar von Faber of Germany developed a method of making graphite paste into rods of the same thickness. He later invented a machine to cut and groove the pencil wood. Following the depletion of the nce-abundant graphite source at Borrowdale, other graphite mines were gradually established around the world. A number of these mines were set up in the United States, and the first American pencils were manufactured in 1812, after the War of 1812 ended English imports. William Monroe, a cabinet maker in Concord, Massachusetts, invented a machine that cut and grooved wood slats precisely enough to make pencils. Around that time, American inventor Joseph Dixon developed a method of cutting single cedar cylinders in half, placing the graphite core in one of the halves, and then gluing the two halves back together. In 1861, Eberhard Faber built the United States first pencil-making factory in New York City. Today, the hardness of a pencil is designated by numbers or letters. Most manufacturers use the numbers 1 to 4, with 1 being the softest and making the darkest mark. Number 2 pencils (medium soft) are used for normal writing. Pencils are also sometimes graded by letters, from 6B, the softest, to 9H, the hardest. The idea of attaching an eraser to a pencil is traced to Hyman W. Lipman, an American whose 1858 U. S. atent was bought by Joseph Rechendorfer in 1872 for a reported $100,000. The first step in pencil manufacture involves making the graphite core. One method of doing this is extrusion, in which the graphite mixture is forced through a die opening of the proper size. In addition to the conventional wood pencil, a number of other pencils are widely used. In the early 1880s, the search for a pencil that didnt require sharpening led to the invention of what has variously been termed the automatic, propelling, or repeating pencil. These instruments have a metal or plastic case and use leads similar to those found in wood cased pencils. The lead, lodged in a metal spiral inside the case, is held in place by a rod with a metal stud fastened to it. When the cap is twisted, the rod and stud move downward in the spiral, forcing the lead toward the point. The early twentieth century saw the development of colored pencils in which the graphite core was replaced by a combination of pigments or dyes and a binder. Today, colored pencils are available in more than 70 colors, with 7 different yellows and 12 different blues. However, the cedar-casing lead pencil- manufactured at a pace of 6 billion per year in 40 different countries- continues to outsell all of its competitors, including the ballpoint pen. Raw Materials The most important ingredient in a pencil is the graphite, which most people continue to call lead. Contes method of combining graphite with clay is still used, and wax or other chemicals are sometimes added as well. Virtually all graphite used today is a manufactured mixture of natural graphite and chemicals. The wood used to manufacture pencils must be able to withstand repeated sharpening and cut easily without splintering. Most pencils are made from cedar (specifically, California cedar), the choice wood for many years. Cedar has a pleasant odor, does not warp or lose its shape, and is readily available. Some pencils have erasers, which are held on with a ferrule, a metal case that is either glued or held on with metal prongs. The erasers themselves consist of pumice and rubber. The Manufacturing Process Now that most commercially used graphite is made in factories rather than mined, manufacturers are able to easily control its density. The graphite is mixed with clay according to the type of pencil being made- the more graphite used, the softer the pencil, and the darker its line. For colored pencils, pigments are added to the clay, and virtually no graphite is used. Processing the graphite Two methods are used to form the graphite into its finished state. The first is an extrusion method in which the graphite and wax mixture is forced through a mold to create a spaghetti-like string, which is then cut to precise measurements and dried in ovens. In the second method, the graphite and clay mixture is poured into a machine called a billet press. A plug is placed over the top of the press, and a metal ram ascends from the bottom to squash the mixture into a hard, solid cylinder called a billet. The billet is then removed from the top of the machine and placed into an extrusion press that forces it through a mold, slicing off strips the To make the wood casings for the pencils, square slats are formed, and then grooves are cut into the slats. Next, graphite sticks are inserted into the grooves on one slat, and then a second slat with empty grooves is glued on top of the graphite-filled slot. Correctly sized pencils are cut out of the sandwich, and the eraser and metal ferrule are attached. size of the pencil core. After being cut to size, the cores pass along a conveyor belt and are collected in a trough to await insertion in the pencil wood. Making the wood casings 1. The cedar usually arrives at the factory already dried, stained, and waxed, to prevent warping. Logs are then sawed into narrow strips called slats; these are about 7. 25 inches (18. 4 centimeters) long, . 25 inch (. 635 centimeter) thick, and 2. 5 inches (6. 98 centimeters) wide. The slats are placed into a feeder and dropped, one-by-one, onto a conveyor belt which moves them along at a constant rate. 2. The slats are then planed to give them a flat surface. Next, they pass under a cutter head that makes parallel semicircular grooves- one half as deep as the graphite is thick- along the length of one side of each slat. Continuing along the conveyor belt, half of the slats are coated with a layer of glue, and the cut graphite is laid in the grooves of these slats. 3. The slats without glue- and without graphite in the grooves- are placed on another belt that carries them to a machine that picks them up and turns them over, so they are laying on the belt with the grooves facing down. The two conveyor belts then meet, and each unglued slat is placed over a slat with glue and graphite, forming a sandwich. After the sandwiches have been removed from the conveyor belt, they are placed into a metal clamp and squeezed by a hydraulic press and left clamped together until the glue is dried. When the pencils are dried, the ends are trimmed to remove excess glue. Shaping the pencils The next step is shaping, when the sandwiches actually become pencils. The sandwiches are placed on a conveyor belt and moved through two sets of cutters, one above and one below the belt. The cutters above the sandwiches cut around the top half, while the lower set cuts around the bottom half and separates the finished pencils. The majority of pencils are hexagonal, so designed to keep the pencils from rolling off surfaces; a single sandwich yields six to nine hexagonal pencils. Final steps 1. After the pencils have been cut, their surfaces are smoothed by sanders, and varnish is applied and dried. This is done with varnishing machines, in which the pencils are immersed in a vat of varnish and then passed through a felt disk, which removes the excess varnish. After drying, the pencils are put through the process again and again until the desired color is achieved. Finally, the pencils receive a finishing coat. 2. The pencils once again are sent on a conveyor belt through shaping machines, which remove any excess varnish that has accumulated on the ends of the pencils. This step also ensures that all of the pencils are the same length. 3. Erasers are then attached, held to the pencil by a round, metal case called a ferrule. The ferrule first attaches to the pencil either with glue or with small metal prongs, and then the eraser is inserted and the ferrule clamped around it. In the final step, a heated steel die presses the company logo onto each pencil. Colored pencils Colored pencils are produced in much the same way as black-writing pencils, except that their cores contain col oring materials such as dyes and pigments instead of graphite. First, clay and gum are added to pigment as bonding agents, and then the mixture is soaked in wax to give the pencils smoothness. When the pencils have been formed, the outsides are painted according to the color of the center mixture. Quaility Control Because they travel along a conveyor belt during the manufacturing process, pencils are thoroughly scrutinized before they are distributed to the public. Workers are trained to discard pencils that appear dysfunctional, and a select number are sharpened and tested when the process is complete. A common problem is that the glue of the sandwiches sometimes doesnt adhere, but this nuisance is usually caught when the sandwiches are being cut.
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Expanded and Extended Expanded and Extended Expanded and Extended By Maeve Maddox Tali asks, What is the difference between extended and expanded When do you use either? Although extend and expand can be used interchangeably in some contexts, extend applies to things that are being stretched out, while expand applies to things that are spread out. One implies length; the other area. If you extend your arm, for example, you stretch it out, making it longer. If your waist expands, its getting larger. As a business expands, or gets larger, it may extend its opening hours. Extend comes from a word meaning to stretch out, lengthen. (Latin extendere, stretch out, from ex out + tendere, to stretch.) Expand comes from a word meaning spread out, spread flat. (Latin ex out + pandere to spread, stretch. In this quotation that uses both words, extend conveys a lengthening of time, while expand indicates that more people will be covered by the credit: On Wednesday, the Senate voted to extend and expand the tax credit to include many buyers who already own homes. Here are some uses of both words: Laguna College of Art and Design officials hope to expand the library and build a new gallery. Availability of the iPad will expand to all of Best Buys U.S. stores Sessions Predicts Congress Will Extend Tax Cuts After Election Investigators are going to extend the probe until February 2011 A contract might be expanded to include additional specifications, or extended to last for a longer period: BP could expand the contract of a local disaster relief company, giving it the power to call in additional resources to defend Mobile Bay in the event its threatened by oilÃ¢â¬ ¦ Last seasons UEFA Champions League runners-up, Bayern Munich, have decided to extend the contract of Coach Louis van Gaal. When expanded and extended are used as adjectives, context determines meaning: This article explains how to allocate memory and set up your system to run both expanded and extended memory. The Extended Mind refers to an emerging conceptÃ¢â¬ ¦that addresses the question as to the division point between the mind and the environmentÃ¢â¬ ¦ I have returned [from my travels] with an expanded mind and an open heart. Bottom line: Choose expand if what youre talking about is getting wider, becoming more inclusive, or taking up more space. Use extend if what youre talking about is increasing in duration, length, or reach. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Spelling Test 1The Many Forms of the Verb TO BETreatment of Words That Include Ã¢â¬Å"SelfÃ¢â¬
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Mediator's Opening Statement - Essay Example Throughout these proceedings any reference to the party against whom the claim is made will be identified as the respondent. My job as your mediator is to help you settle or resolve the dispute between you. I will not be deciding the outcome for you since my role as a mediator is to help you come to an agreement voluntarily. We will be convening based on an established schedule and when necessary to move this process along. With my help, you will identify your own interests and alternatives for the resolution of the dispute between you so that we can ultimately negotiate and execute an agreement that is acceptable to both sides and to which you will be bound once you agree to it. Therefore, unlike judges and arbitrators, I will not be deciding the outcome of this complaint. You as the parties to this process will decide the outcome. I will play a facilitative role in these proceedings. In my capacity as a facilitative mediator, my job is to understand and respect party autonomy. In t his regard, my role is to preside over these meetings and to allow you to discuss and air your differences in a meaningful and productive way. I will not make recommendations nor will I provide an opinion as to what I think the court might do in a similar situation or if it was seized of the matter. That is not my job as a facilitative mediator. My job is guide you via questions and comments that may help you to find common ground for arriving at a mutually agreeable conclusion on your own and without my input as to what would be a viable solution. It is also important to remind you, that throughout these proceedings, I will remain neutral in that I do not take one side over the other. I also want to assure you that this meeting is private and confidential and will remain so throughout these proceedings and after the matter is concluded. There are several reasons for ensuring privacy and confidentiality. First and most importantly, I do not want you to feel inhibited by the prospect of these discussions becoming a matter of public record. This might prevent full and frank disclosure which we need to ensure that this matter is resolved between you voluntarily. Secondly, privacy and confidentially ensures that my neutrality will not come into question if this matter is unresolved and you take it to court. If that happens, I might be called to testify for one party over the other and that would leave the appearance of bias. Thirdly, confidentially and privacy builds trust between you and me. Confidentiality and privacy however, can be waived, but only if the parties agree to it being waived. Another exception would be in rare circumstances where I might be compelled to testify in criminal proceedings or to give evidence in the investigation of criminal offences. The proceedings will be organized around joint and caucus sessions. Joint sessions are self-explanatory. Caucus sessions will be sessions in which I will meet with each of you separately to gain a prospec tive on your arguments, issues and interests. I am no way forming an opinion on your arguments, issues or interests, but merely seeking to identify them so that I can be more informed as to what and where you are going in joint discussions so that that I can guide you toward productive discussions that are aimed at guiding you toward a voluntary conclusion of the matter. Therefore, I do not want either or you to read